Footcare for Diabetics

People living with diabetes are at higher risk from health issues affecting their feet, in particular as there is a loss of sensation and poor circulation in the lower extremities. It is important that feet are measured and fitted each time a new pair of shoes is purchased. Shoe shopping toward the end of the day is advisable and  their usual socks too. Socks should be made of a natural fabric and avoid those with stitching or seams that will irritate.

Shoes for Diabetics

Soft Leather Uppers - as leather is a flexible material, it is the best choice for shoes if you have diabetes, as it is less likely to rub against your foot. Feel inside the shoes for rough seams or stitching as this can rub or break skin. Look for a well-cushioned sole, as opposed to a thin leather one. You’ll want to choose footwear with good shock absorption to cushion your feet with every step you take and a firm back of the shoe as it should not collapse to either side. You’ll want to find a style that provides a good level of support for the back of your foot.

Extra Depth & Width - whilst shoes should provide a snug fit they should not be too narrow or tight as these can squeeze and press the toes against them, increasing the risk of bunions, blisters, corns and calluses. Wide fit shoes are a much better choice, since they are much less likely to cause any type of damage to the foot. 

Diabetics should check their feet every evening and search for pressure spots, foreign bodies, swelling, redness and injuries. This is most easily done with a mirror. Carefully bathe the feet - keeping feet clean at all times is important and dry the feet carefully with a soft towel. Use commercial cotton carriers such as cotton pads for the spaces between the toes.